Students' Economic Status and Access to Technology in Relation to Their Academic Stress on Online Learning at the University of Bohol


  • Kim B. Penaflor University of Bohol
  • Mae Arcely P. Acera University of Bohol
  • Esther Jay P. Melencion University of Bohol
  • Ma. Ella May R. Ampac University of Bohol
  • Angela T. Toribio University of Bohol
  • Karla Mari S. Gaterin University of Bohol
  • Marian O. Agan University of Bohol
  • Glenn Lawrence P. Doloritos University of Bohol
  • Xenita Vera P. Oracion University of Bohol
  • Bonnibella L. Jamora University of Bohol
  • Kristine Mae V. Lumanas University of Bohol



nursing, economic status, academic stress, access to technology, quantitative-correlational, spearman-rho test, Bohol, Philippines


Socioeconomic status refers to the family's social and economic standing in society. It is measured by combining an individual or group's economic and social position, which is often based on income, education, and occupation. It significantly affects academic performance and even one's health status. The pandemic changed the educational system, causing a huge transition from traditional learning methods to online learning. This shift resulted in confusion, burden, and difficulty among students from different walks of life. This study was conducted to determine the academic stress on online learning among nursing students in relation to their economic status and their ability to access technology. The study utilized a quantitative-correlational method aided by a standard questionnaire. Two hundred thirty-six University of Bohol nursing students enrolled in the second semester of SY 2021–2022 were included in the study by random selection. Data revealed a significant correlation between economic status and the level of stress related to academic expectations and a significant correlation between economic status and access to technology after being subjected to the Spearman rho test of correlation. However, no significant correlation was found between access to technology and the respondents' level of academic stress.


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Author Biography

Kim B. Penaflor, University of Bohol




Adams, D. R., Meyers, S. A., & Beidas, R. S. (2016). The relationship between financial strain, perceived stress, psychological symptoms, and academic and social integration in undergraduate students.







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