Level of Cognitive Domains Among Junior High School Students, University of Bohol, Tagbilaran City
Keywords:Reading comprehension, cognitive domains, quantitative-descriptive correlational research, Spearman Rho, Tagbilaran City, Philippines, Asia
Enhancing students' reading comprehension is a pivotal aspect of their academic development. This study focused on assessing the cognitive domain levels among Grades 7, 8, and 9 Junior High School students during the 2020-2021 academic year at the University of Bohol, with a sample size of 212 participants. Employing a descriptive survey design, a researcher-developed questionnaire served as the primary tool to gauge the cognitive domain proficiency of these students. Utilizing a random sampling technique ensured an unbiased selection of participants across the specified grades. The findings revealed that the majority of respondents exhibited a commendable level of reading comprehension. However, the study unveiled noteworthy disparities in mean scores between lower and higher-order cognitive domains among the participants. Furthermore, 52.83% (112 out of 212) of the students reported having diverse general references at home. The research employed a quantitative-descriptive-correlational method. Spearman rho analysis demonstrated a significant correlation (p < 0.05) between various levels of the cognitive domain, shedding light on the interconnected nature of these skills. These results provide crucial insights for educators and policymakers, emphasizing the necessity for targeted interventions aimed at enhancing higher-order thinking skills. Aligning with global literacy goals, this research underscores the importance of addressing cognitive disparities to foster a more comprehensive approach to reading comprehension education.
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